Facts about Switzerland

Facts about Switzerland.

 

Switzerland consists of 26 cantons, with Bern as the capital. The country is situated in Western and Central Europe, where it is bordered by Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.

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Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura. While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 7.75 million people. Among them are the two global cities and economic centers of Zürich and Geneva.

The establishment of the Swiss Confederation is traditionally dated to 1 August 1291, which is celebrated annually as Swiss National Day. This is a great day to visit most Cities in Switzerland as they like to celebrate this day with events and fireworks.

It has a long history of armed neutrality—it has not been in a state of war internationally since 1815—and did not join the United Nations until 2002. It pursues, however, an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world.

The more famous of the Swiss army is the Swiss Guard who guarded the Pope at the Vatican since th 15th centuary.

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Switzerland is the birthplace of the Red Cross and home to a large number of international organizations, including the second largest UN office. On the European level, it is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association and is part of the Schengen Area – although it is notably not a member of the European Union, nor the European Economic Area.

Languages

Switzerland comprises four main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French, Italian and the Romansh-speaking valleys. Therefore the Swiss, although predominantly German-speaking, do not form a nation in the sense of a common ethnic or linguistic identity; rather, the strong sense of identity and community is founded on a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy.

Switzerland has the highest wealth per adult (financial and non-financial assets) in the world according to Credit Suisse and eighth-highestper capitagross domestic product on the IMF list.

Swiss citizens have the second-highestlife expectancy in the world on UN and WHO lists.

Switzerland also has the top rank in Bribe Payers Index indicating very low levels of business corruption. Moreover for the last five years the country has enjoyed highest economic and tourist competitiveness.

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